What is CBD?

May 20, 2019 4 min read

What is CBD?

What is CBD?

CBD also known as Cannabidiol is a plant based cannabinoid which is one of a broad class of naturally occurring compounds that act on cannabinoid receptors in the body of humans and other animals and is one of 100 plus cannabinoids that are present in cannabis plants and accounts for up to 40% of the plants extract.

In 2018 clinical studies in the prestigious scientific journal Nature by Boggs et al, npp2017209 included prelim studies of its effects on Anxiety, cognition, movement disorders and pain.

Unlike THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol) a better known camabinoid, CBD is completely legal in the UK and EU as well as most of the US as a food supplement and is not Intoxicating.

There are a number of ways it can be taken into the body including orally as capsules, gummies, Drops, drink additives and Sprays, Topically as creams, Balms and sprays, Inhaled as vapes.

What are the uses and benefits?

Because CBD is not regulated for medical use you are not able to make medical claims about the benefits of taking CBD in conjunction with a balanced diet and healthy lifestyle, however there are some preliminary studies that suggest CBD may have a positive effect on certain conditions. Proponents of CBD claim it can treat a wide variety of maladies and are using it for

  • Acne
  • Anxiety
  • Chronic pain
  • Depression
  • Epilepsy
  • Glaucoma
  • Insomnia
  • Loss of appetite and body weight
  • Muscle spasms

It’s also said that CBD oil may promote deeper sleep, reduce inflammation and pain, fight oxidative stress, improve heart health and support weight loss

Is CBD Legal?

CBD is completely legal in the UK, EU and most of the US provided the CBD is sourced from EU approved industrial hemp, the THC content is below 0.2% and not easily separated from it.

How can you determine the strength and quality of CBD?

There is a lot of confusion about the strength and quality of the CBD that is available especially in Europe. It is important to recognise that not all CBD oils are created equal. Hemp seed oil is a term often freely used instead of CBD. This is because the legal term for cannabis that contains less than 0.2% is hemp and cannabis oil which is rich in THC is illegal in the UK and most of EU.

However CBD oil is an extract of the whole plant including leaves stem and flowers and contains a full spectrum of CBD, whereas Hemp seed oil comes from the industrial hemp seeds and contains very little cannabinoids.

Some companies also state the strength of their product as a percentage, this however is useless without knowing how many mg’s of CBD are present and the quality of the oil.

So with this confusion how can you be sure you are getting quality products?

There are 4 things to look out for


  • Look for European Certified Organic Hemp,
  • Sustainable and organic cultivation,
  • Full spectrum CBD


  • Batch tested to ensure purity
  • THC content is below 0.2%,
  • Full certificate of analysis to provide a full profile of the cannabinoids and terpenes present to illustrate the full spectrum CBD


  • Clearly stated on the label the amount in mg’s of CBD in each container and eachdose of your product
  • Avoid products that just give a percentage this doesn’t tell you how strong or what oil is present


  • Very important that the molecules of CBD in your product are readily absorbed by the body
  • If they are too large the cells can’t absorb them and you end up with expensive urine and little to no benefits (a problem with nutritional supplements in general).
  • Try to get Anhydrous Cannabidiol Crystalline Isolate or Nano amplified CBD these are both very small molecules and readily absorbed by cells.

How much should you take?

The maximum recommended limit is 200mg and you should not exceed this level. It is possible in countries where Medical CBD is regulated to go higher than this under supervision of a healthcare practitioner but is not possible in the UK and much of the EU. It is recommended that you start off at 10mg per day for the first couple of weeks and slowly increase your dose making sure you stay under 200mg per day. You can take it 3-4 times a day if needed.

Are there any side effects to taking too much?

There is some research into the side effects and although the general consensus is its very safe there have been some reports of

  • Anxiety
  • Changes in appetite
  • Changes in mood
  • Diarrhoea
  • Dizziness
  • Drowsiness
  • Dry mouth
  • Nausea

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